Choosing The Right Frontend Framework – Angular vs React vs Vue


Choosing The Right Frontend Framework – Angular vs React vs Vue



Why do we need frontend frameworks?

The front end of a web application is the collection of elements that are visible and users can interact with. JavaScript is the most popular programming language to build web interfaces. There are many frameworks associated with JavaScript.


The frontend JavaScript frameworks are the development tools to build the features of the user interface. The frontend frameworks are getting popularity and assisting in the development of complex applications in the lowest time complexity.


The popular frameworks are React, Angular, and Vue. There are some similarities and some key differences among these frameworks. It means that for development, the right choice is essential because it can impact the project’s outcomes.


The right framework can influence the performance of the application, its compatibility with other technologies, and the cost of development.


We will discuss the three frameworks briefly, the differences, similarities, and the technical and business aspects to consider while decision making.


What is Angular?

The Angular framework, being the oldest one, was developed in 2010. Since 2010, it has gone through several transitions. This platform is open-source and uses TypeScript and HTML to build single-page web applications.


Pros and Cons of Angular

There are several factors that you can consider while making the right choice of framework. There are some pros and cons of Angular that you can go through and finalize whether it is suitable for your business or not. Companies like Freelancer, YouTube, Google, AWS, Upwork, etc. are using this framework.


The angular framework has the following advantages:

  • It is an MVC framework that makes the developers write well-organized code that is useful in complex projects.
  • Google supports it and makes it a reliable framework to work with.
  • The two-way data binding minimizes the risks associated with possible errors and is beneficial for simple applications.

The angular framework has the following disadvantages:

  • It offers different structures like pipes, injectables, etc. which makes it harder to learn as compared to other frameworks that use a component approach.
  • It exhibits slow performance as it deals with the real document object model, but this issue can be handled by controlling the rendering process manually.
  • While moving to the latest version, a migration issue might appear.


What is React?

React is a library of JavaScript to develop the user interface. The tech giants Facebook and Instagram support this technology. It has some limitations but it becomes powerful when being used with other technologies.


Pros and Cons of React

Being the competitor to Angular, it has the following advantages and disadvantages that you can go through and finalize whether it is suitable for your business or not. Companies like Facebook, Dropbox, Netflix, etc. are using this framework.


React has the following advantages:

  • It is easy to learn and lightweight.  
  • It is fast because the virtual DOM of React is implemented in this, so the rendering process is controlled.
  • It provides code’s reusability due to the component approach, so complex projects can be developed easily.
  • It is highly flexible and provides maximum responsiveness.  

React has the following disadvantages:

  • It is a non-complying technology, where developers need to choose designs themselves.
  • It keeps updating constantly which makes the latest documentation availability difficult.
  • It uses JSX which can cause a barrier in learning for some new developers.


What is Vue?

The Vue framework of JavaScript is getting popularity because it is highly flexible in creating user interfaces and single-page applications.


Pros and Cons of Vue:

Being the competitor to Angular and React, it has the following advantages and disadvantages that you can go through and finalize whether it is suitable for your business or not. Companies like Grammarly, Alibaba, Xiaomi, etc. are using this framework.


Vue has the following advantages:

  • It is based on the MVC framework that makes you write well-organized code while developing complex applications.
  • The templates of Vue are in HTML that is easily readable even if you have no programming knowledge.  
  • Due to virtual DOM implementation, the apps develop in Vue exhibit the highest performance.
  • It uses pure JavaScript and two-way data binding.
  • It is easy to learn.

Vue has the following disadvantages:

  • It is less popular compared to React and Angular frameworks.
  • Due to fewer users, fewer libraries have been developed to enhance the functionality of the framework.
  • There is a risk of over-flexibility while integrating the huge projects.


Comparison Table:

Parameters Angular React Vue
Performance Medium High High
Syntax TypeScript JSX HTML
Framework Size 143k 43k 23k
DOM Regular Virtual Virtual
Scalability High High Low
Prefer for applications Cross-platform, enterprise applications, hybrid mobile apps Dynamic applications, single page, native apps Dynamic, high-performance applications, single page apps
Functionality Extensive functionalities Popular libraries Libraries with limited functionalities
Syntax Real DOM Virtual DOM Virtual DOM
Programming Language TypeScript JavaScript JavaScript
Scalability Modular-based approach Component-based approach Template-based approach
Suitable for Projects More complex complex smaller
Code Reusability Allowed Not allowed Allowed
Support and community Supportive Community Most widely used Growing and evolving


How to choose the right framework?

Here we have defined a list of criteria that you can consider while choosing the right optimal JavaScript framework.


When to choose Angular?

Choose the Angular JavaScript framework in the following scenarios:

  • To develop complex and large projects.
  • For reliable and easy scalability.
  • If you can spare some time to learn TypeScript before starting the project.


When to choose React?

Choose the React JavaScript framework in the following scenarios:

  • If you can use reusable components in your project.
  • The front end of the project is easy and not complex.
  • For critical scalability and performance
  • If you are working under tight deadlines.
  • For native mobile applications.


When to choose Vue?

Choose the Vue JavaScript framework in the following scenarios:

  • For the projects with a small scope.
  • If you need high performance.
  • If you have only JavaScript knowledge and there is no skilled frontend developer.
  • If you do not have enough time to learn any new technology.


Algoscale utilizing Angular, React, and Vue

We hope that this article has provided you the insights into all three frontend frameworks. Each framework has its advantages and limitations, based on the scope of your applications being developed.


Each framework has been developed for different applications but various third-party applications can be used to add more functionalities.


There is no need to use React to build a static application, but for dynamic applications. Angular can be used to build applications with extensive structures, hybrid and progressive applications. While Vue is a combination of both Angular and React, with high performance, and is expanding gradually in the technological domain.


Based on the complexity of the project, you can consider the right framework into account to deliver the best software application. Algoscale can assist you in choosing the right framework. So, based on the requirements and scope of the project, we can help you to choose the best framework as per your needs.